Author Guidelines

Thank you for choosing to submit your article to our journal. These instructions will help your article move smoothly through the consideration process. Please take the time to read and follow them as closely as possible, since doing so will ensure that your article matches the journal's requirements. Editorial enquiries should be addressed to the Editor at
Articles submitted to the journal should not have been published previously or sent for publication simultaneously elsewhere.
The articles submitted to the journal must belong to one of the following categories:
Articles should be written according to the following formatting style guidelines.
1. Article Types
1.1. Peer-Reviewed Articles
Research Article: an original study that brings innovation to science invalidates former arguments or brings a new perspective, presents new documents.
Review Article: a study that provides a critical synthesis of an important subject and develops new perspectives of broad scientific interest
Articles submitted to the journal in this category,
-must be prepared by using relevant research methods and models in the field, and must have the quality to contribute to the field.
-must be a research which assesses, criticizes, and presents new views about a formerly-published work.
-must be research in which a concept or theory is discussed, criticized or explained.
-must be in accordance with the publishing principles and format of the journal.
1.2. Non-Peer Reviewed Articles
Studies written in article format but different from peer reviewed research articles.
Review: a study reviewing the recent or seminal works in the relevant field: book review, article review, conference review, thesis/ dissertation review etc. like peer-reviewing a self reviewing is possible

Interview: question and answer study with the authors, translators, editors and / or publishers of newly published works on the field, and with the authors and/or consultants of newly defended master's or doctoral theses.
Research Note: short study in theory, case study, or method etc. (maximum 2,000 words).
Publicity Article: study in the form of news or reviews written to promote a newly released product
Op-ed/ opinion article: as the name suggests, is an article where author’s opinion is expressed on an issue. It includes commentaries and rejoinders.
Translated Article: study in which a previously published article is translated into Turkish or English. In translation articles, the translator should receive permission from the author(s) of the relevant article.
Other Types of Articles: letters to the editor, report (project, meeting), policy reports, policy briefs etc.
2. General Principles about the Writing Rules
2.1. Submission
In taking a step toward expediting the publication process, the journal uses a web-based submission and peer-review system. If you have not got ORCID ID, you must create an account for yourself in the system by clicking “Login” at the right side of the journal web page ( After you have logged in, click on the “submit a manuscript” button to submit a new manuscript and follow steps 1-5 (1 Manuscript Information 2 Authors 3 Files 4 Additional Information 5 Review and Send). Please read the Publication Guidelines and Principles before uploading your articles. In case of necessity, the article in doc or docx format could be sent by e-mail to To get announcements about journal, please became subscribers as a reader or authors in by clicking “users” button at the left side of the page after logging in.
2.2. Peer Review Policy
The articles are evaluated at three steps. These steps are (i) pre-evaluation, (ii) peer-reviewing, and (iii) final evaluation.
Manuscript which Editorial Board has found relevant in terms of scientific quality, ethics and research methods, form, and field sends to at least two anonymous referees of expertise for review. The manuscript is accepted for publication if both of the referees are positive. If one referee report is positive while the other one is negative, the paper is sent to a third referee. The manuscripts which have been decided to be revised shall be submitted by the author(s) within no later than two weeks. The revised text may be re-examined by the demanding referee should the Journal Editorial Board find necessary.
The manuscripts submitted shall be published within the final decision of the Editorial Board following the “can be published” approval of the two experts in the field. Authors shall take into account criticisms, assessments and revisions of the referees and the Editorial Board. If the author has any points he/she does not agree with, he/she has the right to specify these issues in a separate page within the justification thereof.
The manuscripts, following the approval by the referees, are makes ordered by the Editorial Committee, based on dates of completion of referee reports and also based on the scope of the journal.
Authors of the papers that are not accepted for publication are informed by e-mail.
2.4. Article Form Thesis and Extended Article
In the case of submitting of unpublished thesis, it would be appropriate to add a note that “article is based on the masters‘ thesis/ Ph.D. dissertation defended in …… in …. University titled …….. under the supervision of ……....” Similar note could be added to other unpublished article such as congresses/symposia presentation. If advisor made a substantial intellectual contribution to thesis, in article his/ her name could be listed as a co-author after corresponding author.
In extended and revised articles, laater version should be at least 50% different from the previous one. It msut be added a note like that: “This article was expanded and revised edition of paper titled “…….” which was presented/published”.
All details required by your funding and grant-awarding bodies must be supplied properly. For example, this work was supported by the [Funding Agency] under Grant [number xxxx].
3. Style
3.1. First Submission Format
Language of publication is Turkish, English, Arabic and Hebrew. The texts submitted must be clear and understandable, and be in line with scientific criteria in terms of language and expression.
The article submitted for consideration must not be less than 4,000 words or must exceed 10,000 words including the abstracts and references.
All articles should be submitted in the form of.doc or.docx files.
The journals are flexible with regard to the format of initial article submissions. Within reason, style and length do not influence consideration of an article. If revisions are requested, the editor request formatting instructions (in footnote and bibliography) at that time.
There is no first time submission format. After the article is submitted, article is prepared by the journal according to the Publication ready format, and then reviewing and revising is done through this version.
3.2. Page Setup
Article is prepared by the journal according to the Publication ready format by journal. The information in this subtitle is for informational purposes only.
Document page setup: in margin 1,27 cm for all sides of the page, landscape orientation, two pages per sheet of paper (printing); in paper A4; in layout different headers and footers in the odd & even pages and first pages.
All texts should be justified except for the Titles, column headings, and captions; all text is published in Helvetica font with one space lining. In article there is different font size, alignment and paragraph spacing.
3.3. First Page
The first page of all proposals shall include the following information: title, author info, abstract and keywords.
English and Turkish title should be 11 pt and spacing before paragraph 0 pt after paragraph 18 pt.
-Turkish and English abstracts and keywords should be in 9 pt. After keywords paragraph spacing must be 9 pt before paragraph 18 pt after paragraph.
-The body text of the articles can be written in 10 pt., fully justified, 0,5 cm hanging indent, paragraph spacing before paragraph 0 pt after paragraph 4 pt.
-The footnotes can be consecutively numbered, single-spaced, and written in 8 pts., paragraph spacing before paragraph 0 pt after paragraph 2 pt.
After the title, name and surname and contact information are published in five lines: (i) Name SURNAME (full first- and surname, no initials, no title) in 10 pt, paragraph spacing before paragraph 0 nk after paragraph 9 nk.; (ii) Title, Affiliation with 9 points; (iii) Title, Affiliated 8 point and italic in Turkish; (iv) ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID)number (optional) 7 points; (v) Email addresses within <> sign in 7 points.
Place a “<” sign before the URL and a “>” sign after the URL.
Name of the author/s, his/her title, institution affiliations (university, faculty and department names) and e-mail address must be indicated under the title (where available, please also include ORCiDs). Footnotes for other explanations must be provided both in the text and down the page in numbers.
The current and relevant education and position of employment shall be written in Title, Affiliation line. Title, (MA Student/ MA Graduate, Ph.D. Student, Dr., Res. Asst., Asst. Prof Dr., Assoc. Prof. Dr., Prof. Dr.,), Affiliation (Department or Division Name, Faculty, University/ Institution Name, City, Country)
3.4. Headings and Subdivisions
If there are headlines and subheadings under the headings in article, please use numbered headings. If not, to use numbered headings is not necessary. Unless you're writing a very long and complex article, refrain from using more than three level of subheadings. The headings and subheadings should be appeared in bold and flush left and also numbered decimally such as 1., 1.1., 1.1.1. The headings and subheadings should be written in headline-style (not sentence style) capitalization.

3.5. Abstract, Keywords and Summary
At the beginning of the articles written in Turkish and English, abstracts in Turkish and English (not exceeding 300 words) along with 4-7 keywords..
300 words An informative abstract is not introduction which is the first section of paper, but it provides the reader with a clear description of your study and its results without the reader having to read the entire paper. Turkish abstract is compulsory.
Keywords, it is separated by periods. All key words in titles are capitalized, Keywords should be separated by commas and end with a period.
At the end of the article, a summary in English for texts written in Turkish; a summary in Turkish for the texts written in English (700- 1000 words) can be written.
Articles with significant errors in grammar and syntax will not be considered for review.
If the science code information related to the study field can be entered, 3 scientific field codes could be written. Elazar, Weine, Library of Congress (LCC), Dewey Decimal (DDC), or Universal Decimal (UDC) classifications
3.6. Quotations
The quotations within the text should be given in “double-quotation marks” (not italic); the quotations longer than 4 lines should be placed in a new paragraph with the entire quote indented inch from the left margin and should have one-spacing. original quotations should not be changed. However, use an ellipsis space between each period (not in square brackets -[... ]) when omitting a word or fragment from the original quotation. quotations within a quotation must be given in single quotation marks (“ …‘…’…”). For quotations, use only quotation marks or block quoting, not italics. Use italics within quotations if they are already in the source material. The words that need to be highlighted within the quotations should be written in italic and should be stated in as parentheses that the emphasis belongs to the author. [emphasis added] or [italics added]
3.7. Abbreviations
and others et al.
editor ed.
page p.
appendix app.
especially esp.
pages pp.
book bk.
figure fig.
part pt.
chapter chap.
note n.
pseudonym pseud.
compare cf.
notes nn.
translator trans.
document doc.
number no.
versus vs.
edition ed.
opus op.
volume vol.
Note: All abbreviations are lowercase, followed by a period. Most form their plurals by adding “s.’’ The exceptions are note (n. → nn.), opus (op. → opp.), page (p. → pp.), and translator (same abbreviation)
3.8. Documents, Tables, Figures and Graphs
The size of the pictures in the magazine displayed in A5 (14.85 x 21) size should be sized taking into account the margins (1,77) and paragraph spacing in the top (1.75) and footer (0.5). Accordingly, the maximum number of images to be published on the page should be maximum 12.31 horizontal and 17 cm horizontal. The most convenient is that the line width or length is 8 cm.
Every table should have a number and a (short and descriptive) title flush left on the line above the table. Every figure should have a number and a caption flush left on the line below the figure.
3.9. Attachments
Attachments shall be presented at the end of the text and down below shall be brief information as to the content of the document and citation for sources.
Both figure captions and table titles must be the same font and size as the main text of your document, even if the font inside the figure/table differs.
Other attachments (Table, Figure, Graphs) shall be presented as Additional Table: 1, Additional Graph: 3 and Additional Figure 7 if indicators other than the text are too many in number; attachments shall be presented after the references.
References to these attachments in the text shall absolutely be made as Additional Table: 1, Additional Graph 3 or Additional Figure 7. If citation has been made for table, figure, graph or picture, resource shall absolutely be indicated.
3.10. Italic Words
italics must be used for isolated foreign words/phrases (7.51) (on its first occurrence), words that need to be highlighted, word as a word or to a word or phrase in an unusual way other than titles of books or serial publications, Cinema, and long artistic pieces.
Special formatting is appropriate only the first time it is applied to a word a phrase. Thereafter, the word or phrase is presented in plain text unless clarity demands the continued use of italics
Do not italicize sections of the Bible, prayers, religious events or services, or sacred objects:
the Crucifixion,
the Diaspora,
the Hegira,
the Sermon on the Mount.
Do not italicize, the titles of long sacred works such as the Tanakh, Holy Bible, or Qur’an.
3.11. Words with Quotes
Quotation marks in roman type are used for translation of a non- English term in text and a word or phrase given in a special/unusual sense (ironically), or purposefully misused other than for quotes, titles of articles or chapters, minor works or Titles of parts of larger works. ‘single-quotation’ or «angular quotation» marks, bold (except headings), or underlined styles are not used.
3.12. Foreign Terms in Text
For languages using Latin alphabet, the name should be provided in original writing. Names written in other languages should be provided together with English or Turkish translations.
Words used from different languages other than the manuscript’s language should be written in italic. Phrases of a sentence or more should be set in quotes in roman type. (11.85). Foreign quotations in text (long or short) are always set in roman type with quotation marks. (Translations in parens (11.85–92)) Block quotations (foreign or English) are set in roman with no quotation marks. If both are presented (no matter the order), the second begins a new line and is set in square brackets [ ].

Foreign quotations in text (long or short) are always set in roman type with quotation marks. Use parens () if you add it after the quote, outside the quotation marks. Use square brackets [ ], if you insert a translation into the quote. If you insert a translation into the quote, use square brackets [ ]. If you add it after the quote, outside the quotation marks, use parens ().–54)

Concepts and terminology that Turkish versions are not very well known or used differently by different scholars, should include it’s original language versions within parentheses in italic type. The foreign word or phrase is in italics, followed by its translation in parens (a gloss) or quote marks in Roman type (Foreign terms with translations).
Ital or quotes for foreign song titles?
Quotes: Word as Word
………. mosque (jami)….
………. masjed (mosque)….
………. cami “mosque” (from Arabic sjd root…)
Integrated into the English language and appear in standard English dictionaries are set in roman type: fait accompli, pro rata, mea culpa, a priori.
If foreign words are proper nouns, they are always set in roman type.
Titles of books and articles in Roman script will be recorded in the original language. If that language is deemed by the author of the article to be highly inaccessible to most readers, they will be followed, at the author’s discretion, by an English translation in parentheses.
Titles of books and articles in non-Roman scripts will be recorded in transliteration and followed by an English translation in parentheses. When the publisher of the book or journal provides the title or contents in English, in addition to the original language, prefer that translation unless it contains glaring mistakes.
3.13. Transcription of Hebrew
Choose any transliteration style but be consistent. Journal follows Transliteration Guide of International journal of Middle East Studies (IJMES) for Ottoman Turkish, Arabic and Persian words.
Prefer the English form of Jewish terms and names of historical figures as used in the Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd edn.
For transliteration of Hebrew, as a rule follow the transliteration rules of the Encyclopaedia Judaica, 1st ed. (vol. 1, p. 90; use “General” and NOT “Scientific” format) or consult that encyclopedia’s Index (vol. 1) for the relevant term.

Encyclopedia Judaica
Scientific General
’ not transliterated א
b b בּ
v, ḇ v ב
g g גּ
ḡ g ג
d d דּ
ḏ d ד
h h ה
w v-when not a ו
z z ז
ḥ h ḥ ח
ṯ, t t ט
y y-when vowel and י
at end of word-i
k k כּ
kh, ḵ kh כ
l l ל
m m מ
n n נ
s s ס
‘ not transliterated ע
p p פּ
p, f, ph f פ
ṣ, ẓ ẓ צ
q, k k ק
r r ר
š sh שּׁ
ś, s s שׂ
t t תּ
ṯ t ת

3.14. Hebrew Common Transliterations

Torah (Law)
Pentateuch or The Five Books of Moses
Nevi'im (Prophets)
Historical Books
Joshua (Iesous)
Rut (Ruth)
1 Samuel (1 Kingdoms)
2 Samuel (2 Kingdoms)
1 Kings (3 Kingdoms)
2 Kings (4 Kingdoms)
Divrei Hayamim (Chronicles)
1 Chronicles (1 Paralipomenon)
2 Chronicles (2 Paralipomenon)
1 Esdras
Ezra (1 Esdras)
Ezra (2 Esdras)
Nehemiah (2 Esdras)
Nehemiah (Neemias)
Tobit (Tobias)
1 Maccabees
2 Maccabees
3 Maccabees
Ketuvim (Writings)
Wisdom Books
Iyov (Job)
Tehillim (Psalms)
Mishlei (Proverbs)
Qoheleth (Ecclesiastes)
Shir Hashirim (Song of Songs)
Song of Songs (Canticle of Canticles)
Song of Songs (Aisma Aismaton)
Wisdom (Wisdom of Solomon)
Sirach (Ecclesiasticus)
Sirach (Wisdom of Sirach)
Nevi'im (Latter Prophets)
Major Prophets
Eikhah (Lamentations)
Baruch with Letter of Jeremiah as the 6th Chapter
Letter of Jeremiah as standalone book [31]
Minor Prophets
The Twelve
Trei Asar Hosea

Zera‘im Zera‘im
Mo‘ed Mo‘ed
Nashim Naşim
Nezikin Nezikin
Kodashim Kodaşim
Tohorot Tohorot

3.13. Transcription of Arabic

Arab Letters English
ء ʾ
ث th
ج j
ح ḥ
خ kh
ذ dh
ﺵ sh
ص ṣ
ض ḍ
ض ḍ
ط ṭ
ظ ẓ
ع ʿ
غ gh
ق Q
ال al-
َـــ a
ـُــ u
ِـــ i
ا ى ā
و ū
ي ī
و W/w

3.14. Arabic Common Transliterations

4. Bibliography and Notes
Documentation style in formatting, citation and reference should be given according to international standards. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter /article title, year of publication, volume number and the pagination must be present.
Due to becoming interdisciplinary journal writing and referencing can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. We gently advise authors the use of The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS): Note and Bibliography (Author- Title) for formatting.

Journal of Israeli and Judaic Studies accepts a using a particular The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS): Note and Bibliography (or Turabian) system as documentation style. See the CMS manual for issues not listed in this guideline. (available online at
Citations may be placed in In-Text Citation or at the bottom of the pages (footnotes) of your article. Bibliography (references) shall be placed after the conclusion of article.
“References” have to be given only in the form as “Surname, Name. Title of the Work. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.” in both in-Text Citation or Footnote Citation systems are preferred,
As a largers sources, name of the publications in footnotes (Title of Book and Title of Journal) shall be indicated in italic and title of article title of chapter, webpage as a small part of a larger sources in quotation marks; page numbers cited shall be specified.
Full information of the resources cited shall be given; any un-cited resource shall not be presented in the references.
Books, articles, reports, news articles, archival documents...[et al.] will be given in alphabetical order (classified in their own kind or together).
Exact page numbers of the articles should be specified.
In using the word processor plug-ins from reference management software such as Mendeley, Zotero and EndNote citations and bibliographies could be automatically formatted in CMS.
In titles of articles, books, and other sources, each word shall be capitalized, except for articles (the, an), prepositions, or conjunctions, unless one is the first word of the title or subtitle.
4.1. Three Types of Basic Sources and Examples for Bibliography and Citation
In CMS, there are three types/ format of basic sources: book, chapter (in edited book) and article (in journal). Citation elements in book and article consist of three parts, book chapter consists of four parts in notes where references and citations are given (N) and bibliography where sources is written (B). In book, which is the most basic sources, there are order of three parts/ items within the citation: (Author, Title, Edition Information), in book chapter there is "Title of Chapter" in addition to these three parts. In article "Title of Article" part is necessary but Edition Information part is not necessary except Year. In CMS the parentheses are used only for (Location: Publisher, Year) in notes and for (Year) in articles in notes and bibliography.
Format II: Book Chapter is most suitable format for other kind of sources (Entry in an Encyclopedia Web Web Paper Presentation Published Proceedings)
Below while bold ones must be written exactly the same, for others appropriate information should be written.
In international common citation styles including Chicago style, work information (Author, Title, Edition Information) about the work are generally separated by a “comma” in footnotes, and by “dot” in the references. In the references, the separation of the title and its information by a “dot” is necessary for citation referencing softwares for analyzing and interpreting the title and its information in order to make them meaningful.
While in the footnote Edition Information (Location: Publisher, Year) is written in parentheses without commas after the name of the book in italics,
In the bibliography, it is written in without parentheses with period after the name of the book in italics.
6. When a source is cited more than once, the citations after the first citation should only include the surname(s) of the author(s) and the shortened title. If the same source is cited in the footnotes following each other, “Ibid.” should be used. (Chicago discourages the use of ibid. in favor of shortened citations)
The first time you cite a source, you will include a full citation then shortened / succeeding notes or abbreviations like ibid in italic shall be used. If more than one book and article by the same author is used, after the first usage of the second source, the surname of the author, then shortened name for the book or article shall be used. In the case of references with more than four and more authors, all authors shall be written at the first instance and given in the shortened style afterwards. (14.24 –14.28)
Not all letters of the surname are capitalized.
Don't include the parts of publishers' names that are not required to locate the publisher such as Publisher.
Titles of unpublished works appear in "quotation marks"—not in italics. This treatment extends to theses and dissertations, which are otherwise cited like books.
Format I: Book- References
* Surname, Name, ed• Title of Book• Translated by Name Surname• Location: Publisher, Year•
Example I- References
Kimmerling, Baruch and Joel S. Migdal. The Palestinian People: A History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003.
Example 2- First citation
Name Surname, Title of Book, (Location: Publisher, Year), page/s
Baruch Kimmerling, Joel S Migdal, The Palestinian People: A History (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003), 212.
Example 3- Shortened Notes
Surname, Shortened Title of Book, page/s
Kimmerling et al., The Palestinian, 212.
Example 4- Consecutive citation
Ibid. 212.
Example 5- citation to only source by that author
Kimmerling, 212.
Format II: Book Chapter- References
*Surname, Name, Name Surname, and Name Surname• "Title of Chapter•" In Title of Book, edited by Name Surname, pages• Location: Publisher, Year•
Format III: Article- References
Surname, Name, Name Surname, Name Surname, and Name Surname• "Title of Article•" Title of Journal volume, no. issue (Year): pages• URL (accessed…)•
4.2. Source Type- General

Format I: Book- References
Editor, Translator, or Compiler (In addition to author) of book
Surname, Name, ed• Title of Book• Translated by Name Surname• Location: Publisher, Year•
Preface/ Foreword/ Introduction/ or Similar Part of book (not italic)
Surname, Name• X to Title of Book• Location: Publisher, Year• Kindle edition•
Surname, Name• Title of Book: Subtitle• Location: Publisher, Year•
edition or Multivolume work
Surname, Name• Title of Book• x vols, xth ed• Location: Publisher, Year•
Single volume in a multivolume work
(Author wrote all volumes)
Surname, Name• Title of Volume• Vol. x, Title of Volumes• Location: Publisher, Year•
Author wrote only one volume
Title of Volume• Title of Volumes, edited by Name Surname, vol. x•
Corporate Author, Government Report,
Institution• Title of Report• no. x (if acclicable)• URL•

Bibliography- Thesis/ Dissertation:
Surname, Name• "Title of Thesis•" Thesis level, Awarding Institution, Year• URL•

Format II: Book Chapter- References
Entry in an Encyclopedia
*Surname, Name• "Title of Entry•" In Title of Encyclopedia• Vol • URL (accessed Mouth Day, Year)•
*Surname, Name • "Title of Web Page•" Name of Website or Publishing Organization (if applicable)• URL (erişim…)•

Titles of blogs and titles of books, journals, television shows, movies, and other types of works should be treated the same whether cited as a print version or an online version.
Lastname, Firstname [Institution] (@UserName)• "Full text of tweet." • Mouth Date, Year, hour••x

There is no need to use the preposition of "in" in Turkish, which is used before the title of the book while referring to "Book Chapter".
If there are two or more authors, there is no need to use the "ve" conjunction or "&" in Turkish in response to the "and" link between the author names.
Paper Presentation
Surname, Name• "Title of Paper•" Details of Conference such as Paper presented at ……….., Date• URL•
Published Proceedings
Surname, Name• "Title of Article•" In Title of Proceedings, edited by Name Surname, pages• Location of Conference, Dates of Conference• Location: Organization/Publisher, Year•
Format III: Article- References
Surname, Name• "Title of Article•” Abstract• Title of Journal, no. issue (Year): pages• DOI:x•
Chicago Style states that you only have to provide an issue number if it is Paginated by Issue (issue's pagination starts at page 1)
Book Review
Reviewer's Surname, Name• "Title of Review (if there is one),” Review of Title of Book, by Name of Author• Title of Journal volume, no. issue (Year): pages•
Newspaper or magazine article, online
Surname, Name• "Title of Article•" Title of Magazine or Newspaper• Mouth Date, Year• URL (accessed…)•
Newspaper and magazine articles are rarely included in bibliographies.
4.3. Sacred Text
References to the Jewish or Christian scriptures usually appear in text citations or notes rather than in bibliographies. Biblical references are given in numeral.
Parenthetical or note references to the Bible should include book (in roman and usually abbreviated), chapter (perek), and verse (pasuk)—never a page number. A colon is used between chapter and verse.
1. 1 Thess. 4:11, 5:2-5, 5:14.
2. Heb. 13:8, 13:12.
3. Gen. 25:19-36:43.
4. Quran 19:17-21. (or Koran Maryam/19:17-21.)
Write the surah and verse number for the Quran. If you want, the surah name can be written before verse number. In other words, the name of the book in the Bible becomes a surah name in the Qur'an.
Versions of the Bible. Books and numbering are not identical in different versions; it is essential to identify which version is being cited.
2 Kings 11:8 (New Revised Standard Version).
1 Cor. 6:1-10 (NRSV).